Country

Landsprofiler - Sverige
02 Dec 2014

Summary: At 450,295 square kilometers, Sweden is the third-largest country in the European Union by area, with a total population of about 9.5 million.

seSweden's capital city is Stockholm, which is also the largest city. Since the early 19th century Sweden has generally been at peace and has largely avoided war. Today, Sweden is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary democracy form of government and a highly developed economy. In 2013, The Economist declared that the Nordic countries "are probably the best-governed in the world," with Sweden in first place. Sweden joined the European Union on 1 January 1995.

Sweden's energy market is largely privatized. In 2010, the total energy supply to the Swedish system amounted to 616 TWh, compared with 457 TWh in 1970. Oil and nuclear fuel still constitute the largest proportions within this supply. But renewable forms of energy, primarily biofuels and wind power, are growing steadily. The nature of the energy supply has changed over time as the need for energy has changed. Despite an overall increase in energy supply, the supply of crude oil and oil products has declined by 47% since 1970. The net production of electricity during the same period increased by almost 131%. This increase has mainly come through the expansion of nuclear power and hydropower. Furthermore, the supply of biofuels has increased by over 230% since 1970. 

  • Contact point
  • Name
  • Mikael Möller
  • Organisation
  • IKEM
  • Position
  • Director public affairs
  • Phone
  • +46 10 455 38 50
  • E-mail
  • This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
  • Website
  • http://www.ikem.se 

In 2006, out of a total electricity production of 139 TWh, electricity from hydropower accounted for 61 TWh (44%), and nuclear power delivered 65 TWh (47%). At the same time, the use of biofuels, peat etc. produced 13 TWh (9%) of electricity, while wind power produced 1 TWh (1%). Sweden was a net importer of electricity by a margin of 6 TWh. Biomass is mainly used to produce heat for district heating, central heating and industry processes.

Politicians have made announcements about oil phase-out in Sweden, decrease of nuclear power, and multi-billion dollar investments in renewable energy and energy efficiency. The country has for many years pursued a strategy of indirect taxation as an instrument of environmental policy, including energy taxes in general and carbon dioxide taxes in particular.

SE total energy

The chemical industry in total accounts for approximately 16% of the Swedish exports. Sweden accounts for only 1.6% of the chemicals produced in the EU. The Swedish chemical industry includes chemicals and chemical products, oil refining, pharmaceuticals, plastics and rubber products, paints and coatings, hygiene products, detergents, agrochemical and other chemical products. Basic chemicals include, for example, plastics in primary forms and organic and inorganic basic chemicals. In 2010 the chemical industry in Sweden accounted for about 34,000 full time jobs. During 2011 the chemical sector used 6,794 GWh. In 2009 the GHG emissions for the industry accounted for 12 billion kg of CO2.

SE segments

Industrial energy use increased in 2010 by 12% compared to 2009 and amounted to 148 TWh. That means 37% of Sweden's final energy use. The industry uses mainly biofuels and electricity. The pulp and paper industry, along with iron and steel, and chemical industries together account for three-quarters of final energy consumption in the sector.

The Swedish chemical industry is made up of 31 large companies (with more than 250 employees), 75 medium-sized companies (with between 50 and 249 employees) and 332 small companies (fewer than 50 employees).

Responsible Care was introduced in Sweden in 1991 as "Ansvar & Omsorg". Around 100 of IKEM's member companies are Responsible Care companies. Most member companies are SMEs. We do a Responsible Care Progress Report. We started collecting data in 1990 and 1994 but only from the 70 biggest companies. From 1996 we send the questionnaire to all Responsible Care companies. New indicators are added when needed. Today we have around 35 indicators.

Since 2000, RC self-assessments have been carried out every three years and are publicly reported by IKEM. IKEM holds periodic meetings for RC coordinators and regional information exchange networks are in place.

  • Contact point
  • Name
  • Göran Wall
  • Organisation
  • IKEM
  • Position
  • Head chemical legislation & Responsible Care
  • Phone
  • +46­ 10­ 455­ 38­ 82
  • E-mail
  • This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 
  • Website
  • http://www.ikem.se 

During the years 2010-2014, a state support for companies that want to benchmark their energy use is available. Support is also called "energy audit check." It covers 50 per cent of the cost of the energy audit and the company can get a maximum of 30,000 Swedish kronor. This supports the companies that use more than 500 MWh of energy per year. This support could give the company an opportunity to begin a structured approach to energy use.

Find out more  (in Swedish)

 

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