Country

Profil kraju - Polska
02 Dec 2014

Summary: The north of Poland, stretching to the Baltic Sea, consists almost entirely of lowlands, while the Carpathian Mountains (including the Tatra range) form the southern border. The Masuria region forms the largest and most-visited lake district in Poland. Poland’s current constitution dates from 1997. The President is elected by popular vote for a five-year term. The 460 members of the lower house of the parliament (the Sejm) and the 100 members of the senate are directly elected by a system of proportional representation to serve four-year terms.

pl.jpgApproximately 70 per cent of Polish exports go to other EU countries, Germany being its largest export partner. According to a study by Oxford Economics for HSBC, Polish exports will grow by 9.1 per cent annually between 2016 and 2020, the second-highest export rate in Europe. Poland's growth is expected to be higher than that of Germany (5.8 per cent in 2013-15), France (6.1 per cent) or the United Kingdom (4.4 per cent).

Further reading:

http://europa.eu/about-eu/countries/member-countries/poland/ 

  • Contact point
  • Name
  • Anna Gietka
  • Organisation
  • PIPC
  • Position
  • Expert on Environment
  • Phone
  • +48 22 828 75 06
  • E-mail
  • This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
  • Website
  • http://www.rc.com.pl 

Production of primary energy in Poland is based mainly on fossil fuels. First place belongs and will most likely continue to belong for a long time to hard coal and lignite, which cover 56% of the demand. Crude oil has also a significant share of 25%.

The gross national electricity production volume in 2011 was 163.2 TWh. The domestic consumption of electricity was 157.9 TWh (the difference was exported).

According to forecasts of the Ministry of Economy in Poland, domestic demand will grow to 217.4 TWh in 2030. The Polish energy sector is historically based on fossil fuels, which occur abundantly in Poland. In electricity, two major fuels play a key role: hard coal and lignite, which produce nearly 90% of Poland's electricity.

In Poland, renewable energy sources also develop quite rapidly. The leading position is held by wind energy. According to the data of the Energy Regulatory Office (URE), there were 663 wind plants in Poland with a total capacity of 3,241 MW by the end of September 2012.
The volume of national production of thermal energy generated by licensed heating companies in 2010 was 462,500 TJ. The volume of total heat sold was 434,000 TJ and grew by 9% compared to the preceding years.

The dominant fuel in thermal energy generation is hard coal (76%). The remaining fuels include, among others, fuel oil, natural gas and biomass. It should be noted that the use of hard coal is gradually decreasing and the use of biomass is increasing.

According to data of the Ministry of Economy, Poland's annual gas demand accounts for approximately 14.5 billion cubic meters. On average, roughly 30% of gas consumption in Poland is provided by domestic sources. Approximately 63% of the annual gas consumption is covered by imports from Russia. The rest of gas comes from Germany and Czech Republic.

The chemical industry is one of the most important and profitable industries in the Polish economy, with local producers meeting 48% of the domestic chemical demand. The industry is largely government-owned. Currently, there are more than 19,000 chemical companies employing 222,600 people, with more than 80% working in the rubber and plastics segments.

Poland's Chemical Report

The chemical industry in Poland covers a wide variety of product segments, from base and agricultural chemicals through specialty and fine products to pharmaceuticals. The value of the market in 2009 was estimated at €17.5 billion (PLN 76 billion), which accounted for 3.4% of the total value of the European chemicals market.

In 2012, the sales value of the chemical industry amounted to €30862.5 million, i.e. it had increased by 5.6% compared to the previous year and continued the upward trend. A significant decline in the financial results of the chemical industry and pharmaceutical companies was observed. The net financial result for the chemical industry amounted to €618 million, falling by approximately 21.1% compared to the previous year.

The main feedstock used in the Polish chemical industry is hard coal. In 2011, the chemical sector used 2.8 mln tonnes of hard coal, 2,223 hm3 (cubic hectometers) of high-methane natural gas, 86 hm3 (cubic hectometers) of nitrified natural gas, 46,000 tonnes of coke and semi-coke and 6,649 GWh of electricity. The Polish chemical industry consumed 211,047 TJ of energy in 2011 and the 16-year-trend is declining.

PL production

Micro-, small- and medium-sized enterprises are socially and economically important, since they represent 99% of all enterprises in the EU and provide around 65 million jobs, contributing to entrepreneurship and innovation. In the Polish chemical industry SMEs account for about 40% of production sales. In absolute numbers approximately 73% of chemical entities are assigned to the SMEs group.

Number of entities conducting activity during the year 2011

PL entities 2011

Data concern economic entities employing (according to the reporting obligation) more than 9 persons. Source: GUS

In Poland, the Responsible Care® programme (www.rc.com.pl) has a 21-year-old tradition and nearly 40 chemical companies as its signatories are now in Poland. The Polish Chamber of Chemical Industry provides direct supervision over the implementation of the programme in our country. A key principle of action followed by the member companies is to build awareness. Therefore, they are in constant talks with their employees, local community, customers and suppliers to best meet their mutual needs.

An example of multi-faceted forms of exchange of experiences and environmental education is the realization of national projects: the educational campaign "Tree for a Bottle"®, the Ecological Academy of Skills, the Ecological Forum of Chemical Industry in Torun and the photo contest "Catch the Hare".

  • Contact point
  • Name
  • Anna Gietka
  • Organisation
  • PIPC
  • Position
  • Expert on Environment
  • Phone
  • +48 22 828 75 06
  • E-mail
  • This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 
  • Website
  • http://www.rc.com.pl 
 

Other EU member countries

For a summary overview of other member countries profiles, please follow this link.

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