Country

Landprofiel - Nederland
02 Dec 2014

Summary: The Netherlands is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, consisting of twelve provinces in North-West Europe and three islands in the Caribbean Sea. It is a parliamentary democracy organised as a unitary state. The capital is Amsterdam and the seat of government is The Hague.

nl.jpgThe Netherlands was one of the first countries to have an elected parliament, and the country is a founding member of the EU, G-10, NATO, OECD, WTO and a part of the trilateral Benelux economic union. The Netherlands had the tenth-highest income per capita in the world in 2011.

The country is host to the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons and five international courts: the Permanent Court of Arbitration, the International Court of Justice, the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, the International Criminal Court and the Special Tribunal for Lebanon. The first four are situated in The Hague, as is the EU's criminal intelligence agency Europol and judicial co-operation agency Eurojust. This has led to the city being dubbed "the world's legal capital".

The Netherlands has a market-based mixed economy, ranking 17th of 177 countries according to the Index of Economic Freedom. As a modern industrialised nation it is a large exporter of agricultural products and has large highly integrated industrial clusters.
With a population of over 16 million in such a small country, efficient planning is an essential way of life in the Netherlands. Planning, regulating and organizing are of major importance to the Dutch. The consensus-based economic and social policy making, known as the "Poldermodel", is an example of the Dutch way of living.

Further reading:

http://www.government.nl/ 
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Netherlands 
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polder_model 

  • Contact point
  • Name
  • Reinier Gerrits
  • Organisation
  • VNCI
  • Position
  • Manager Energy & Climate Change
  • Phone
  • +31 6 34924871
  • E-mail
  • This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Energy use per energy type (PJ), 1995-2012 

nl_energy_use.jpg

Source: CBS 

Energy use per sector (PJ), 1995 -2012

nl_energy_by_sector.jpg

Source: CBS  

The Dutch preconditions create a favourable location climate for the chemical industry. Essential raw materials are available or can easily be supplied (The Rotterdam Harbour industrial complex, a major oil hub with a number of major refineries) and an extensive transport (road, rail and water) network provides access to the European sales markets. Furthermore, research and education in chemistry in the Netherlands is amongst the best in the world. In combination with the Dutch culture and mentality, this provides the basis for a strong chemical industry that drives the economy and plays a leading role in the development of sustainable enterprise.

To read further, please follow this link.

For more information, download "Chemical Industry in the Netherlands": 

nl_chem_sector_energy.jpg

The history of the Dutch chemical industry is quite a complicated one, from the first ventures by industrial pioneers in the early decades of the twentieth century to the present configuration of companies and chemical sites.

An overview of the Dutch situation is given on the "Chemie in Nederland" website .

Synthetic organic chemistry has not developed in the Netherlands as well as it has in Germany, France or Italy, for example, and thus the role of true SMEs in the Netherlands is comparatively small.

Instead, there is a number of (relatively) small production sites dedicated to a limited range of products on quite a large scale. Frequently, these are subsidiaries of multinational chemical companies.

However, in the more downstream chemical processes, the production of materials or performance chemical formulations (polymer products, paints, adhesives, personal care products etc.), there is a large number of SME type of companies.

  • Contact point
  • Name
  • Geoffrey Schouten
  • Organisation
  • VNCI
  • Position
  • Responsible Care and Sustainability
  • Phone
  • +31 6 34 92 49 28
  • E-mail
  • This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 
  • Website
  • https://www.vnci.nl/nieuws/nieuwsbericht?newsitemid=2570584069

In the Netherlands, the chemical industry started in 1990 with the Long Term Covenants. The larger energy users converted their covenant to the Benchmarking Covenant. Due to the introduction of the EU ETS (European Emissions Trading Scheme), the Benchmarking Covenant was transformed again to the LEE covenant (Long Term Agreements Energy Efficiency for ETS companies) and the LTA3 for smaller companies.

Covenant results can be found below.

2010

Covenants results brochure Long-Term Agreements on energy efficiency in the Netherlands

2011

Covenants results brochure concerning long-term agreements on energy efficiency

2012

Sectorrapport - Chemische industrie: (MJA) - (MEE)

2013

Sectorrapport - Chemische industrie: (MJA) - (MEE)

In the long history of cooperation between government and industry, a lot of know-how has been acquired on the approach to energy efficiency improvement. This experience is made available on the "Chemiewijzer" website.

  

Other EU member countries

For a summary overview of other member countries profiles, please follow this link.

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