Country

Profilo paese - Italia
02 Dec 2014

Summary: Italy’s territory covers about 300,000 km2 and is inhabited by 60 million people.

it.jpgItaly, part of Eurozone, is a founding member of NATO (1949) and EU (1952), and was admitted to the United Nations in 1955. The official language is Italian. A number of minority languages have co-official status alongside Italian in various parts of the country: French (Valle d'Aosta), German (Trentino Alto Adige) and Slovene (Friuli Venezia Giulia).

Italy's energy balance depends largely on imports, as only a tiny fraction of domestic consumption is met by limited energy sources available. Primary energy demand was ca. 184 Mtep in 2011, 2% less than in 2010 (due to weather, crisis and energy efficiency). Italy's energy mix has shown reductions in crude oil (from 38.5% to 37.5%) and natural gas (from 36.2% to 34.7%), while the share of solid fuels and imports has increased slightly (from 8% to 8.9% and from 5.2% to 5.5% respectively) and that of renewables significantly (from 12.2% to 13.3%).

  • Contact point
  • Name
  • Paolo Manes
  • Organisation
  • Sviluppo chimica
  • Position
  • Responsible for Project Development
  • Phone
  • +39 02 345565.373
  • E-mail
  • This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
  • Website
  • http://www.sviluppochimica.it/ 

IT fuel mix

Italy produced 303 TWh (2011) while fuel mix shows a shift towards cleaner technologies.

IT fuel mix switch

National electricity balance (2011)

IT elec balance

Source: GSE Gestore Servizi Energetici (Statistical Report 2011 – Renewable Energy Power Plant in Italy)

Chemical sector

Italy, with a turnover of about €53 billion in 2012, is the third main producer of chemicals in the EU. Almost 3,000 companies are active in the sector employing about 113,000 people. Due to its strong industrial basis, Italy's market for chemicals exceeds €63 billion.

Italian chemical production by the share of sector (Federchimica/ISTAT, 2010)

IT chem by sector

Chemical industry consumed about 15,1 TWh in 2011.

Energy consumption and efficiency trends in the chemical industry in Italy (Federchimica)

IT chem ind consumption

Source: ENEA – ODYSSEE Project, ISTAT, Ministery of Economic Development

GHG emissions of the chemical industry in Italy and comparison with Kyoto/EU's targets

IT ghg

Source: ISPRA, ISTAT, Federchimica

Chemical industry's energy intensity: comparison of main European countries in 2010

IT energy intensity

Source: ENEA – ODYSSEE Project, ISTAT, Ministery of Economic Development

SMEs' presence is important in Italy, as they account for about 38% of production's value (2012). They are active especially in fine and specialty chemicals where economies of scale are less important and interaction with consumers allow them to provide tailor-made products.

RC is a voluntary initiative gathering 170 chemical companies in Italy (representing ca. 60% of chemicals turnover) and promoting sustainable development and alignment to HSE standards by the chemical industry within the framework of CSR principles. RC commits member companies to developing their activities with a view to continuously improving performance.

RC has progressively widened its scope to include responsible management of products throughout entire life cycle (Product Stewardship). The federation is strongly involved in many activities to improve RC:

  1. Stakeholder engagement - 3/4 events per year organized with national/regional stakeholders;
  2. Performance indicators - collecting yearly reports from companies on 75 indicators;
  3. Verification - third-party verification carried out on a voluntary basis.
  • Contact point
  • Name
  • Enrico Brena
  • Organisation
  • Federchimica
  • Position
  • Responsible Care Manager
  • Phone
  • +39 02 34565211
  • E-mail
  • This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
  • Website
  • http://www.federchimica.it/PRODOTTIESERVIZI/ResponsibleCare1.aspx 

• RC's Acknowledgment: INAIL (National Insurance for Safety and Health at Work) recognised the RC programme through a premium reduction which can vary from 7% to 30%.
• Energy management system certifications

 

Other EU member countries

For a summary overview of other member countries profiles, please follow this link.

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