Country

Perfil del país
02 Dec 2014

Summary: Spain is a monarchy whose form of government is a parliamentary democracy organized territorially through 17 autonomous communities and 2 autonomous cities, what is known as the State of Autonomous Communities. Both groups are the highest or first-order administrative division in the country. Autonomous communities are integrated by provinces, of which there are 50 in total, and in turn, provinces are integrated by municipalities. Spain became a member of the European Union (EU) in 1986.

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The State of Autonomous Communities constitutes an organization in which regional, local and central institutions share de responsibility of ruling. Each autonomous region (and the two cities) has its own parliament and its own regional government. At the State level, the legislative power is attributed to las Cortes, which consists of two chambers: The upper house or Senate and the lower house or Congress of Deputies.

The Spanish population is 46.725.164 according to the last official data, around 10% of the total European population. Its population density, at 91.4/km² (229/sq. mile), is lower than that of most Western European countries. The four most populated cities are Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia, and Seville.

  • Contact point
  • Name
  • Laura Castrillo
  • Organisation
  • FEIQUE
  • Position
  • Industrial Affairs Manager
  • Phone
  • +34 914317969
  • E-mail
  • This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

1. – Electric Balance in power generation (2013)

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(1) Ordinary regime: facilities using traditional energy sources

(2) Special Regime : facilities using renewable energy sources, cogeneration and waste

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2. - Electrical demand Coverage 2013

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3. - Primary Energy Consumption in Spain including all renewable (2011)

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4. - FINAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION IN BY SECTORS (2012)

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5. – Net imported Energy

Spain is an energy island which is highly dependent on the exterior (81% of the primary energy consumed is imported and derives from fossil fuels).

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The Chemicals Industry in Spain encompass the Chemical (NACE 20) and Pharmaceutical (NACE 21) industries, and excludes the plastics and rubber products (NACE 22).

From 2011, is the 3rd largest industry in Spain, accounting for 12% of total manufacturing gross product (after Food, Beverages & Tobacco Industry -20%- and Metal Industry -16%-), generating an added value about €15,000 Million and a turnover of €55,000 Million. Including NACE 22, the percentage of the contribution to manufacturing gross product would rise to 15% (added value about €20,000 Million) and the turnover to €74,000 Million.

From the beginning of the crisis (2007), the whole Spanish Industry production has fell down about 20%. Only Chemicals Industry and the Food&Beverage have increased their added value (17% and 14% respectively) and their turnover (6% and 5%).

Regarding the UE chemicals industry sales (NACE 20&21) by geographic breakdown, Spanish chemicals industry represents about 10% of the €539 billion UE sales accounted in 2011 (last available data), ranking among the 7 biggest chemical countries in Europe.

Chemical Industry is also the second larger exporter of the Spanish economy, and the first investor in R&D and Environmental Protection.

Due to the essential contribution of the chemicals industry to the Spanish Economy, in 2009 was declared STRATEGIC SECTOR by the Government.

Situational Analysis of the Chemical Industry in the Member State

a) Main Figures of the Spanish Chemicals Industry

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b) Geographic Breakdown and Main Chemicals Production Locations

46% of the chemicals production is located in the region of Catalonia, and 25% in the petrochemical cluster of Tarragona, one of the biggest of Southern Europe. The production in this site is about 21 MMT per year and directly employs 6,000 thousand people, generating over 30,000 jobs in other depending sectors. Backward integration with refining and forward integration with some specialties. Great involvement with local Universities and research bodies.

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The second larger production region is Madrid, accounting for 14%, mainly dedicated to pharmaceuticals and detergents.

The region of Andalusia generates 8% of production, including the second larger chemical site of Spain, located at Huelva, where main productions are organic and inorganic chemicals. Backward integration with refining and energy companies. This site employs direct and indirectly to 8,000 employees and generates sales about € 11,000 Million (not only chemical activity).

The last important chemical region is Valencia, accounting for 7% of the Spanish production. These four regions represent 75% of the Spanish chemical activity.

Data of energy consumption in the Spanish chemical industry obtained from the Responsible Care Programme. Data is given in Gj.

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Between 210 and 2012, the reduction of production prompted by the crisis has led to less efficient plants with the result of a slight increase in energy consumption per ton produced. However, long-term energy intensity has been reduced.

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Ton GHG/Ton Produced

Spanish Chemical Industry emissions of greenhouse gases GHGs has been decreased in a 33% from 1999

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SMEs are the backbone of the Spanish Chemical Industry The Spanish Chemical Industry counts with 3.100 companies, of which over 96% are Small and Medium Sized enterprises.
Distribution of companies by number of employees:

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The Spanish Responsible Care programme is managed by the Spanish Chemical Industry Federation (FEIQUE) since 1993. Its objective is that participating companies accomplish continuous improvement in matters related to safety, health and environmental protection as well as in other Social Responsibility parameters put in practice and measured against improvement objectives in accordance to Sustainable Development Principles while developing their productive activity.

The Programme bases itself on the application of a strict integrated management system and on the exchange of the best practices and initiatives between companies.

Spain currently counts with six Management Practice Codes and an entire structure that complements them as good practice documents and application tools. The latest Code features have included the incorporation of a Responsible Company Code as well as a revised Product Stewardship Code. Likewise the Safety and Environmental Codes have incorporated the Security area.

  • Contact point
  • Name
  • Jesús Soriano
  • Organisation
  • FEIQUE
  • Position
  • Responsible Care Manager
  • Phone
  • +34 914 317 964
  • E-mail
  • This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
  • Website
  • http://www.feique.org/
 

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