Country

Profily zemí - Česko
02 Dec 2014

Summary: At the close of World War I, the Czechs and Slovaks of the former Austro-Hungarian Empire merged to form Czechoslovakia. During the interwar years, having rejected a federal system, the new country's predominantly Czech leaders were frequently preoccupied with meeting the increasingly strident demands of other ethnic minorities within the republic, most notably the Slovaks, the Sudeten Germans, and the Ruthenians (Ukrainians). On the eve of World War II, Germany occupied the Czech part of the country and Slovakia became an independent state allied with Germany. After the war, a reunited but truncated Czechoslovakia fell within the Soviet sphere of influence. In 1968, an invasion by Warsaw Pact troops ended the efforts of the country's leaders to liberalize communist rule and create "socialism with a human face," ushering in a period of repression known as "normalization." The peaceful "Velvet Revolution" swept the Communist Party from power at the end of 1989 and inaugurated a return to democratic rule and market economy. On 1 January 1993, the country underwent a nonviolent "velvet divorce" into its two national components, the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The Czech Republic joined NATO in 1999 and the European Union in 2004.

cz.jpgLegislative branch:
Bicameral Parliament or Parlament consists of the Senate or Senat (81 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms; one-third elected every two years) and the Chamber of Deputies or Poslanecka Snemovna (200 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)

Population:
10,162,921 (July 2013 est.)

GDP composition by sector of origin:
agriculture: 2.3%, industry: 38%, services: 59.7% (2012 est.)

  • Contact point
  • Name
  • Jaroslav Suchý
  • Organisation
  • SCHP
  • Position
  • Manager Energy & Climate
  • Phone
  • +420 266 793 581
  • E-mail
  • This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

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The Czech chemical industry includes the following aggregations:

  • refining of petroleum (CZ-Nace 192),
  • chemicals and pharmaceuticals (CZ Nace 20 and CZ Nace 21),
  • rubber and plastics processing (CZ Nace 22).

The production programme of the companies in the aggregations:

  • refining of petroleum: motor fuels, heating oils, lubricants, paraffins and asphalts;
  • chemicals and pharmaceuticals: inorganic and organic bulk chemicals, fertilizers, basic petrochemicals, primary form plastics, synthetic resins, synthetic rubbers, paints, dyestuffs and pigments, agrochemicals, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics and parfumes, soap and detergents, chemical fibres and a number of specialty chemical products (photo chemicals, adhesives, glues, explosives, etc.);
  • rubber and plastics processing: rubber tyres, tubes, technical rubber products, rubber blends, a wide range of plastic products for industrial consumption and for final use.

Key indicators of the Czech chemical industry in 2012

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Structure of import and export with selected countries in 2012 - CZK billion

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Source: ERÚ (2013)

Energy efficiency improvements in the industry during the last decade (statistics)

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Chemical industry in the Czech Republic is very concentrated. A small proportion of SMEs is organized in the framework of the Association of Chemical Industry of the Czech Republic.

After the accession of the Czech Republic to the EU, the activities in environmental, safety and health protection, and in chemical legislation intensified greatly.

Responsible Care
As of 2009, Responsible Care (RC) had been adopted by 53 chemical associations around the world. Governance of RC in Czech Republic is guaranteed by the Association of the Chemical Industry (SCHP ČR) on behalf of Cefic. SCHP ČR is the main employer in the Czech chemicals industry in sectors Nace 192, 20, 21 and 22. In 2012, 70 companies of the Association, including three collective members, had adopted RC Core Principles, and 43 companies had been awarded the right to use the Responsible Care logo since 1996.

  • Contact point
  • Name
  • Ladislav Špaček
  • Organisation
  • SCHP
  • Position
  • Secretary for Health, Safety and Environment
  • Phone
  • +420 266 793 574
  • E-mail
  • This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
  • Website
  • http://www.schp.cz/responsible-care

TRINS

TRINS (Transportation and information system of accidents) is a system to provide assistance in the event of accidents associated with the transport of hazardous substances. TRINS was founded by SCHP ČR as part of the Responsible Care programme in 1996 based upon an agreement between SCHP ČR and GŘ Hasičský záchranný sbor ČR (Central Office for the Czech Fire and Rescue Corporation). At present time in the CR there are 37 TRINS centres in operation, provided by 24 companies active in the chemical industry. UNIPETROL RPA, s.r.o., Litvínov, serves as the national coordination centre of the system and simultaneously as regional centre No.1.

SQAS (Safety Quality Assessment System)

SQAS is an international system for quality and safety assessment of logistic services in the chemical industry based on the assessment of services companies and their services by independent inspectors. SQAS is not a certification system. SQAS is utilised in road, railway and combined transport, in sea transport, in the distribution of chemical goods and in terminals. SQAS is Responsible Care in transport.
A major contribution of SQAS lies in the unified and objective approach to the assessment process, elimination of duplications, cost-effectiveness in a joint effort by the chemical and transport companies as well as the avisors for the use of dangerous goods.

ChemLog (Chemical Logistics Cooperation in Central and Eastern Europe)

ChemLog was supported by the EU Regional Development Fund and focused on reliability, effectiveness and safety in chemicals transportation. Outputs of ChemLog project are oriented towards higher competitiveness of the chemical industry and the achievement of higher level of chemical transport in the field of HSE. From Czech Republic, the Ústí region and the Association of Chemical Industry of CR were engaged in the project. ChemLog project ended on 31 October 2011.

The current project "Chemlog – Tracking and Tracing solutions for improvement transport of dangerous goods in Central and Eastern Europe" is realized with 15 partners from 8 states, including Czech Republic (Ústí region of CR and SCHP CR).

 

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